Theory and Practice in Medicine, 2015 Vol. 21 No. 4.3
SENCE OF COHERENCE IN PATIENTS WITH ATRIAL FIBRILLATION
Vaiva Karpavičienė, Danutė Kalibatienė, Virginija Gaigalaitė
Correspondence Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Key words: atrial fibrillation, sence of coherence.
Objective. To assess sence of coherence in patients with atrial fibrillation according to the sociodemographic and clinic factors.
Materials and methods. The study was performed in Vilnius City Clinical Hospital in the Departments of Internal Diseases. 229 patients were interviewed with documented AF at the age 50–70 years of whom 130 (56,8 %) were male, 99 (43,2 %) – female, mean age was 62,3 ± 6,35 years. Sociodemographic factors such as gender, age, education, income and marital status
were estimated according to the researcher questionnaire. Sense of coherence was evaluated using the Scale of Sense of Coherence (SOC-13). The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences, „SPSS for Windows 20.0“.
Results and conclusions. Patients with AF may attributed to the medium level of sense of coherence which comprises 46,34 scores. During the analysis of influence of sociodemographic factors to the general valuation of sense of coherence statistically significant differences were determined referring to the areas of gender, income as well as marital status. Men may be characterized as having higher sense of coherence in all spheres of questionnaire in comparison to women. Sense of coherence of respondents that have bigger incomes tends to be higher taking into account the areas of comprehensibility, meaningfulness as well as evaluation of general sense of coherence. Married patients may be attributed to those of having higher level of SOC in relation to meaningfulness and general sense of coherence whereas age and education does not influence sense of coherence. Statistically significant differences with dependence on AF duration, its type and the incidence of related diseases were not determined. However, statistically significant difference was singled out referring to patients with II and III EHRA symptoms class where the later may be described as having lower level of comprehensibility, manageability as well as general sense of coherence.
October 5, 2015. Accepted:
October 26, 2015.